What are the different birth control methods that my spouse can use?
Nowadays, there are many methods of birth control that a woman can use. Talk with your doctor or nurse to help your spouse figure out what method is best for her. She can always try one method and if she does not like it, she can try another one.
According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, most birth control does NOT protect her from HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like gonorrhea, herpes, and chlamydia. Other than not having sex, the best protection against STDs and HIV is the male latex condom. The female condom may give some STD protection.
Don’t forget that all of the methods we talk about below work best if used correctly. Be sure your spouse knows the correct way to use them. Talk with your doctor or nurse and don’t feel embarrassed about talking with her or him again if you don’t understand. You and your spouse should understand that learning how to use some birth control methods can take time and practice. Sometimes doctors do not explain how to use a method because they may think you already know how. For example, some people do not know that you can put on a male condom “inside out.”
Also, not everyone knows that you need to leave a “reservoir” or space at the tip of the condom for the sperm and fluid when a man ejaculates, or has an orgasm. The more you know about the correct way to use birth control, the more control you and your spouse will have over deciding if and when she wants to become pregnant. Here is a list of birth control methods with estimates of effectiveness, or how well they work in preventing pregnancy when used correctly, for each method: