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Giving babies First-Aid

Author GreatDad Writers
Submitted 04-04-2007

Babies are prone to accidents that may hurt them or cause
injury. Fortunately, the majority of these cases can be treated at home without professional medical
assistance. Here is what you can do in the following cases:

  • Most falls during this learning period will not cause serious
    injury. Bruises generally heal naturally over a week or so, without causing much pain.
  • As
    long as the skin is not broken there is no need to bandage the area or otherwise cover it
  • You can use an ice pack to reduce swelling and the black-and-blue discoloration of
    bruising. This should be applied for 15-minute periods several times a day during the first 48
    hours.   A pack of frozen vegetables or ice cubes and water in a plastic bag that is
    wrapped in a paper towel or wash cloth will do if an ice pack is not available. An ice pack may be
    alternated with a heat pack after 48 hours.
  • Cuddle or feed the baby as you apply the ice
    pack on the injury.

You should call the doctor in the following cases:

  • Bruises from  falls such as falling off a bed or down a flight of
  • You notice a bruise behind your baby’s ear after a head banging
  • Bruise does not heal/fade in two weeks.
  • Baby is in pain for more than
    twenty four hours


Small cuts need only be cleaned and left to heal without bandaging. These
are best treated as follows:

  • Stop bleeding by lightly pressing with a clean towel or
  • Check for glass, dirt or foreign material and remove it with cold running
  • Wash with warm water and soap and pat dry with a clean towel.
  • After cleaning,
    small cuts may be left to heal naturally.
  • Deeper cuts will need an adhesive bandage to pull
    in the cut edges of the skin together and facilitate healing.


Superficial burns, called first-degree burns, can be treated as

  • Cool the area of the burn by submerging under water or using cool compresses for
    10-15 minutes. Dry the area with a clean towel and cover it with a sterile bandage.
  • Consult
    your doctor about acetaminophen or ibuprofen, or other medication to ease the pain.
  • Do not
    apply powder, butter, or grease to avoid the risk of infection.
  • First-degree burns usually
    heal in a few days.

Disclaimer: The above
information is commonsense reflection drawn from general experience. If you are looking for expert
medical advice, please consult your doctor.